Posts Tagged ‘git’


Checkout subdirectory in a git repository

In howto on Jul 13, 2016 by theoryl Tagged: , , ,

To checkout a subdirectory in a Git repository using sparse-checkout, follow these instructions

git remote add -f origin
git config core.sparsecheckout true
echo /path/to/subdirectory >> .git/info/sparse-checkout
git checkout master


git clone
cd whatever
git config core.sparsecheckout true
echo /path/to/subdirectory >> .git/info/sparse-checkout
git read-tree -mu HEAD

Also see this StackOverflow answer.



How to sync a forked git repository?

In howto on Jul 13, 2016 by theoryl Tagged: , , ,

To synchronize your forked Git repository with the upstream, follow these nice instructions on StackOverflow:

# Add the remote, call it "upstream":

git remote add upstream

# Fetch all the branches of that remote into remote-tracking branches,
# such as upstream/master:

git fetch upstream

# Make sure that you're on your master branch:

git checkout master

# Rewrite your master branch so that any commits of yours that
# aren't already in upstream/master are replayed on top of that
# other branch:

git rebase upstream/master

# If you don't want to rewrite the history of your master branch,
# then you should replace the last command with the following

#git merge upstream/master

# Now push your branch to your own forked repository

git push origin master

# If you've rebased your branch onto upstream/master you may need to
# force the push in order to push it to your own forked repository

#git push -f origin master


Remove sub directory from Git sparse checkout

In howto on Aug 28, 2014 by theoryl Tagged: , ,

If you have configured Git to use sparse checkout to checkout a sub directory, but later decided that you don’t really need that sub directory, here’s what to do:

1. first delete the sub directory
2. open .git/info/sparse-checkout , delete the sub directory name in the list
3. git read-tree -mu HEAD

If you don’t do this, Git will stage the deletion of the sub directory for the next commit.


Git aliases

In shared on Jan 17, 2014 by theoryl Tagged: , ,

Some useful Git aliases

name = ...
email = ...
github = ...

a = add
ap = add --patch
am = am -s
c = commit
cs = commit -s
ca = commit --amend
co = checkout
b = branch -vv
l = log --graph --all --abbrev-commit --date=relative --format=format:'%C(bold blue)%h%C(reset) %C(green)%ar %C(yellow)%an%C(bold yellow)%d%C(reset)%n %C(white)%s%n'
lt = log --graph --abbrev-commit --date=relative --format=format:'%C(bold blue)%h%C(reset) %C(green)%ar %C(yellow)%an%C(bold yellow)%d%C(reset)%n %C(white)%s%n'
ll = log --graph --abbrev-commit --date=relative --format=format:'%C(bold blue)%h%C(reset) %C(green)%ar %C(yellow)%an%C(bold yellow)%d%C(reset)%n %C(white)%s%n' -10 HEAD~6..HEAD
lg = log --color --graph --pretty=format:'%Cred%h%Creset -%C(yellow)%d%Creset %s %Cgreen(%cr) %C(bold blue)%Creset' --abbrev-commit --date=relative
lf = log --pretty=fuller
ls = log --pretty=fuller --stat
s = status
d = diff
ds = diff --stat
dc = diff --cached
dcs = diff --cached --stat
dp = show
dhh = diff HEAD^!
dhhs = diff HEAD^! --stat
doh = diff origin/master HEAD
dohs = diff origin/master HEAD --stat
rb = rebase
rbi = rebase -i
rbio = rebase -i origin/master
t = tag -a
tl = tag -ln1

editor = vim

# default = simple

ui = auto


Gollum on Ubuntu/Linux Mint

In howto on Sep 11, 2013 by theoryl Tagged: , , , , , , , ,

Gollum is the wiki engine that is developed and deployed by GitHub. The codes are hosted at It supports many syntaxes, including Markdown, ReStructuredText, Textile, MediaWiki, etc. To install:

On Linux Mint 13 “Maya” (based on Ubuntu 12.04 “Precise Pangolin”), first get Ruby and RubyGems:

sudo apt-get install ruby1.9.1 ruby1.9.1-dev rubygems1.9.1

Then install Gollum via RubyGems:

sudo gem install gollum

An alternative to install Gollum is to build from source (taking version 2.5.0 as example):

git clone
cd gollum
gem build gollum.gemspec
sudo gem install gollum-2.5.0.gem

If you build Gollum from source, you might also want to build its library from source (

To use it, simply create a Git repository:

mkdir ~/Wiki
cd ~/Wiki
git init
gollum .

Now point the browser to http://localhost:4567/, and you have a fully functional Wiki site up and running. As a bonus, it is automatically versioned by Git every time you create/edit a Wiki entry.

One downside thus far is that Gollum doesn’t support multiple repositories and multiple users.

Read More »


Git for beginners

In shared on Aug 29, 2013 by theoryl Tagged: , ,

Everyone seems to love Git (and Github) nowadays. I found a great Git help guide, or rather a FAQ, on stackoverflow: .